Plums (Prunus domestica) are stone fruits known for their juicy, sweet, and often slightly tart flavor. They belong to the Rosaceae family and come in various shapes, sizes, and colors, including red, purple, yellow, and green. Plums have a smooth skin and a juicy flesh that can be enjoyed fresh, dried, or used in culinary dishes, jams, and preserves. They are also rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
Sloes (Prunus spinosa) are the fruits of the blackthorn shrub and are closely related to plums. They are small, round, and dark purple to black in color. Sloes are known for their tart and astringent taste, and they are commonly used to make sloe gin and other alcoholic beverages.
1. Morocco : Morocco leads the list with a plum production of 178,761 tonnes in 2021. Plums are cultivated in the country's diverse agricultural landscape.
2. South Africa : South Africa is a significant producer of plums, contributing 101,969 tonnes of plums in 2021. The country's climate supports plum cultivation.
3. Algeria : Algeria's plum production reached 97,056 tonnes in 2021, showcasing its role in plum cultivation.
4. Libya : Libya produced 54,654.04 tonnes of plums in 2021. The fruit is grown in the country's suitable climate conditions.
5. Tunisia : Tunisia contributed 20,000 tonnes of plums in 2021. The fruit is cultivated in the country's suitable regions.
6. Egypt : Egypt's plum production amounted to 17,882.51 tonnes in 2021. The fruit is part of the country's agricultural diversity.
7. Tanzania : Tanzania's plum production reached 4,040.67 tonnes in 2021. The fruit is cultivated in the country's suitable climate zones.
8. Madagascar : Madagascar produced 2,309.34 tonnes of plums in 2021, adding to the country's agricultural production.
9. Eswatini : Eswatini completes the list with a plum production of 1,465.2 tonnes in 2021.
10. Kenya : Kenya's plum production amounted to 1,073.54 tonnes in 2021.
These figures highlight the plum and sloe production across various African countries in the year 2021.